eTech Guide of Farm Animals and Livestock Care
Livestock Farm Animals: Apart from cattle, horses, sheep, pigs and poultry, some farms also rear more unusual animals like elk, llama, bison and ostrich for commercial purposes; their meat and other products are becoming increasingly accepted.
The elk is a member of the deer family. It is bred mainly for its anlters and also for game hunting. The antlers of the elk are used to make medicines in South Korea. The male elk has antler, which are shed every year.
The weight of the antlers increases year on year: a one-year-old elk’s antlers typically weigh 1.3 kg (2.8 lbs), while a full-grown adult’s might weigh up to 11 kg (24 lbs). The elk is the second largest species of deer in the world.
Llama and alpaca:
Farm Animals Livestock: The llama and alpaca both belong to the camel family. The llama resembles a camel but lacks a hump while the alpaca looks like a large sheep. The llama often serves as a beast of burden in some parts of the world, carrying loads from one place to another, especially in hilly areas.
Its thick and leathery hoof pads help it get a grip to the rocky surface where most other animals would stumble. The alpaca is bred for its fine wool. Its fleece produces wool, which is much softer and lighter than the wool obtained from sheep.
Moreover, the alpaca yields white wool. Which is easy to dye in various shades. Alpacas are social animals and live in herds usually at higher altitudes.
Creature Profile Llama:
Common Name: Llama
Color: Creamy-white, grey, brown, red or black, or a combination thereof.
Height: 1.6-1.8 m (5.5-6 ft) at the shoulder
Weight: 102-204 kg (225-450 lbs)
Feed on: Shrubs, grass, leaves, lichen.
The first South African ostrich farm was founded in 1838. Today ostrich farming is a very profitable enterprise. Most ostrich farms are found in South Africa even today. The ostriches are bred and raised commercially for their meat, skin and feathers.
Ostriches yield red meat that tastes like beef and is a delicacy among food lovers. Ostrich leather is very soft and is used to make shoes and bags. The feathers are used to clean fine machinery and even as fashion accessories. Ostrich meat is slowly gaining popularity in the world because it is low in fat and cholesterol.
Farm Animals Livestock Taking Care:
Animals at the farm need proper feed, care and medication to stay healthy. Every animal has a different diet and needs to be taken care of differently. So farmers have to be alert about each of their needs.
Farm Animals Livestock Food and Shelter:
Animals like cows, horses, goats and sheep are all plant eaters but they eat different kinds of plants. The diet of particular animals can depend on the work they do on the farm. Draught horses need more concentrates than the amount needed for cows.
Pregnant animals also need a special diet to produce healthy babies. Animals like cows, horses and goats are kept in barns or stables. While pigs and sheep are sometimes kept in pens. Farmers must ensure that the barns and pens are spacious, airy, safe and clean.
This will help the farm animals stay healthy and happy. In many parts of the world there are strict guidelines governing how animals are transported.
Farm Animals Livestock Handling Tricks:
Handling facilities for cattle and other farm animals do not have to be elaborate and expensive but should be safe and well-controlled. Regular cleaning and maintenance of all kinds of equipment used at the farm is important to avoid any chance of disease or infection.
Cattle sorting, loading and transporting is a very important aspect of commercial farming. All vehicles used should have a proper flooring. Solid latches and adequate ventilation to allow the animals to move about and breathe freely in the vehicle during transportation.
Farm animals need to be checked regularly for symptoms of disease and given proper medical treatment.
Farm Animals Livestock Disease and Care:
Animals at the farm (Livestock) are prone to illness. Because many animals live together on farms in concentration, the threat of infections spreading is a real and present danger.
Flu is a common threat to many farm animals; bluetongue, a viral disease in cattle, goats and sheep. Bluetongue causes inflammation and swelling of mouth, nose and tongue can be fatal if not treated.
Cloven-hooved animals are at particual risk of foot problems and must be shoed regularly to avoid diseases like laminitis and even lameness. Hygienic conditions and healthy living help prevent diseases. Stables and barn need to be kept clean to avoid disease and infection.